The Nikah ceremony is one part of several steps of a marriage arrangement considered ideal by Islamic tradition. The key steps include:. The proposal. In Islamit is expected that the man will formally propose to the woman—or to her entire family.
A formal proposal is considered an act of respect and dignity. A gift of money or another possession by the groom to the bride is agreed upon before the ceremony. This is a binding gift that legally becomes the bride's property. The Mahr is often money, but could also be jewelry, furniture or a residential dwelling. The Nikah ceremony.
The wedding ceremony itself is where the marriage contract is made official by the signing of the document, indicating she has accepted it of her own free will.
Although the document itself must be agreed upon by the groom, the bride, and the bride's father or another her male family members, the bride's consent is required for the marriage to proceed. After a short sermon is given by an official with religious qualifications, the couple officially become man and wife by reciting the following short dialogue in Arabic:.
If either or both partners are unable to recite in Arabic, they may appoint representatives to make the recitation for them. Share Flipboard Email. Islam Expert. Huda is an educator, school administrator, and author who has more than two decades of experience researching and writing about Islam online. Updated November 13, Kaleef K. For the past several months I have seen critics, especially brainless Christian missionaries on Facebook and other places saying that the Quran has a vulgar word in it.
Whenever it used in the Quran or in the Hadith authentic sayings of Prophet Muhammed p it only means marriage, marriage contract and nothing more. In the Islamic legal system, it implies a marriage contract in the presence of a minimum of two males.
Marriage nikahnama Ur marriage contract. These are Arabic words, and the roots of both are found in the Koran. Both are used to refer to marriage in Arabic-speaking countries. In most non-Arabic-speaking Muslim countries, the word nikah is the conventional term used to refer to the contract of marriage aqd al-nikah. In some countries the term also refers to the wedding ceremony, incorporating the contract. The difference between the two words is linguistic.
Nikah incorporates the meaning of the act of physical union between spouses as well as the legal and social institution. While the root of the word zawaj denotes pairing. There are various terms for the wedding itself in Arabic-speaking countries…. The marriage contract nikah becomes complete with the giving of mahr Ar.
Finally, when the marriage agreement is accepted and witnessed, those who are present recite al-Fatiha Ar. The ceremonies that follow or precede the marriage contract may vary often reflecting cultural and ethnic traditions of the marrying parties and their families. Nikahpl. Nikah — Arabic: Marriage, marriage contract . Nikah — The ceremony whereby a male and a female are married. Nikah [n. John Wortabet. And Professor Harvey Porter. Tagged as: betrothalIslammarriageNikahQuran.
Thank you for your informative post. There is little reliable information available about Islam and so much ignorance about the difference between Arabic ppl and Muslims, etc.
I taught history, and whenever researching went only to Muslim sources because of this widespread ignorance. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam.
Learn how your comment data is processed. Donate To Discover The Truth. Like this: Like Loading Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:. Email required Address never made public. Name required.I need A LOT of details Thanks a lot!!!
Seeing that i am a born muslim and has been to many a nikah i am very happy to explain. There are two different ways to do this, an extremely private way and then the public way. There must also be two witnesses to the marriage that also signs the form as a witness to the marriage. They also drink a glass of red softdrink the man drinks first and half and the woman drinks the other half this is just tradition and not really required. In the public one which is alot more exciting they begin with a short lecture in arabicthen it is translated to english for the congregation to understand.
It begins when the groom arrives and he sits at the front of the congregation.
The bride is kept away from view in a private room. The imam or person conducting the marriage then asks who gives permisison for the bride to be married and the father or person that cared for her responds that he gives permission along with his wife for her to be married Then they take pictures and accept well wishes by friends and family.
Plus you do not have to drink anything. Please when you want to advise about Islam please separate culture from the true Islam. It simply is a written or verbal contract to include an agreed upon dowry between the bride and groom and a simple declaration of a married union. In most Arab weddings, everything is almost over including the equavelent of the vows not really vows, but the actual thing that makes them married.
Some families have two parties, one for males and one for females; depending on the budget available it can be at home or at a reception hall and they may or may not have a full meal. Depending on how religious the people are, what actually happens in the wedding can be close to what happens in Western weddings or just traditional singing and dancing. I've heard that a lot of Egyptian weddings include a belly dancer and singer Both of them had a hinna night, except that was prepared by our family so I don't know if Egyptians have it the same way.
Their actual marriage was, like all other marriages, conducted several months earlier. But the hinna is the night before the wedding night anyway. Neither of them say verses. Both of them sign the marriage contract. Two witnesses also sign it. The convener then reads some prayers which is not an essential part of Nikah ceremony. For a Nikah to be valid, only two conditions are to be fulfilled:.
Due to this reason people from both sides are invited to attend the ceremony. A Nikkah is just the arabic word for marriage. Depending on the culture the ceremony can happen in different ways, but essentially an Islamic marriage is raw and pure spiritually based union and oath to your spouse, yourself and Allah. You can be married religiously and not legallySee our related wedding FAQs. Justine Milton Photography.
Muslim houses of worship are solemn places where members of the faith gather daily to pray. As such, men and women will want to dress modestly for a Muslim wedding ceremony.
Generally, long pants or longer dresses and skirts are most appropriate. Folks of any gender should avoid showing your bare arms as well. Women might be expected to cover their heads too, so bring along a scarf.
There will likely be a rack where you can place your shoes and retrieve before you leave. Arrick Photography. The Muslim marriage ceremony features gender separation within the mosque. Wedding receptions will likely have some form of gender separation as well, but to a different degree. For example, there might be separate rooms for men and women to celebrate, a partition between the reception venue, or men and women might simply be grouped at different tables.
There are three main parts:. Ayesh Photography Mehr is a ceremonial presentation of gifts, money or other meaningful offering to the bride, from the groom. At this time, the bride and groom are not able to see each other.
Next, both bride and groom need to consent to the marriage by saying qubool hai three times each when asked by the Imam religious officiant. Nikah-Namah is the Muslim marriage contract that the bride and groom sign in front of their guests. Verses from the Koran are read during a short sermon and the couple is officially wed. Savaqah is the last part of a Muslim wedding ceremony. As the couple recesses from the ceremony, the bride is showered with coins in celebration.One of the recognized and indisputable commandments of Islam is that of marriage - the sacred union that takes place only between a man and a woman.
In relation to this revered bond, there are many verses of the noble Quran and countless ahadith that encourage marriage for any single man or woman - of any age or background. This is not only limited to the young brothers and sisters who have never been married and are looking for their life mate, but even those who have been through divorce have also been encouraged to re-marry and to "complete" their faith.
Allah SwT even gives us a guarantee that if we are poor or lack the proper funds, still we should not delay the marriage as Allah will take care of the couple and grant them bounties from His Grace and Mercy.
What happens during a Nikah? (Muslim Wedding)?
In the continuation of Surah 24, in the above quoted verse, Allah SwT commands the believers to remain chaste and faithful if they cannot find a suitable spouse to marry until Allah SwT grants them bounties out of His favors.
Thus, one must not resort to evil, sin or illicit sexual relationships because they cannot find a permanent spouse. One such avenue open to those who cannot afford to marry a woman in Nikah, as the Quran has commanded us and the numerous ahadith from the Prophet of Islam S and his 12th Infallible successors, the Aimmah as have done is to perform the Muta and marry a man or woman in "temporary marriage" so as to be able to fulfill our natural desires in a legal and permitted means:.
So those women whom you marry for an appointed time, you must give them their agreed upon dowries. This is a commandment from Allah SwT which was not only mentioned in the Quran, but which He commanded his last and greatest Prophet S to convey to the Ummah, which can never be made forbidden by anyone as that which Muhammad S has made halal is halal until the Day of Judgement and that which he has made haram will remain haram until the Day of Judgement.
In another verse of the Quran, Allah SwT compares the husband and wife to garments for one another:. In our day-to-day life, we see many uses for clothing. Not only does our dress act as a beautification for ourselves, but it also covers any defects that we may have on our physical body - thus, if a person has a scar or burn mark on his body, the clothing will cover this from others around him and thus, they would not know that he has such a physical 'defect'.
The husband and wife are to play the same role in relation to one another. If the wife has spiritual defects or lacks something in her character, then the husband must cover these up and not expose her shortcomings to others.
The wife too, must cover up and hide her husband's deficiencies and weaknesses and protect her mate. Not only has Allah SwT commanded the believers not to make fun of one another and not to mock or ridicule others, but they are also supposed to protect the honour and integrity of one another.How To Perform Nikkah in a Sunnah Way - Mufti Menk
In this there is surely evidence of the truth for the people who carefully think. In this verse we see that Allah SwT regards the creation of spouses - the husband and wife - as a sign of His greatness.
Not only has Allah SwT created these two individuals, but in order for there to be peace and harmony between the two of them, He himself has placed love and mercy between them so that they can live a life of tranquility. Have consciousness of your Lord who has created you from a single soul.
From it He created your spouse and through them He populated the land with many men and women. Have spiritual awareness of the One by whose Name you swear to settle your differences and have respect for the wombs that bore you. Without doubt, Allah SwT keeps watch over you all. Again in this verse of the Quran, we are once again reminded that it is Allah SwT who created mankind and then made its spouse and through these two has the world become populated.
It goes without saying that it is only through the natural act of marriage between a man and woman that children can be brought into this world as all others forms of "marriage" are deviations that can never produce a child and thus, an increase in the population.
Islamic Marriage Is a Legal Agreement, Known as Nikah
The noble ahadith are also replete with traditions narrated from the Prophet S and his immediate successors, some of which we present below. The Messenger of Allah S has said, "Of my tradition is to marry. So then whoever turns away from my tradition Sunnah is not from me my nation. In this famous tradition mentioned in all books of Islamic narration, the Prophet S clearly spelled it out to the believers that in order to stay on his path which is the true path of salvation, we must marry - not only the youth who are getting married for the first time - but also older people who may have divorced or lost a spouse must also marry in order to remain on the Sunnah of the Prophet S.
This hadith shows us the great importance that Allah SwT and His Messenger S have placed on marriage, such that it is the most loved foundation or establishment upon which the Muslim man and woman can build their life upon.
If such a foundation is built with love, honesty, sincerity and true faith in Allah SwT and all that He has commanded, then there is nothing that could destroy such a firm building. It has been narrated from Abi Abdillah that, "A man once came to my father. My father asked him, "Are you married?A number of sisters have been inquiring us regarding what they can anticipate from the Nikah ceremony.
So this post shows a step by step information to all those thinking about getting married. Wedding nikah is a solemn and sacred social commitment between wedding couple. The wedding contract in Islam is not a sacrament. It is revocable, ie you can divorce!
The Muslim Nikah – A Step by Step Guide
However, if a man is immature or insecure he is required to have a wali guardian. So, basically, both parties mutually acknowledge and enter into this agreement. Please be aware, both groom and bride have the choice to determine different conditions of their preference and make them a part of this contract.
There is a strict condition for a Muslim woman. She may only get married to a Muslim man and there is no Nikkah if she marries a non Muslim. If she desires to get married to him, he must convert to Islam free willingly or else her invalid nikah is zinaa! A Muslim man is Not permitted to get married to a non believing woman who practices any other faith such as Atheist, Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and so on. A word of advice, make sure you refrain from doing secret Nikkah or without the blessings of the parents or close relatives and guardians.
Do you need to have the nikah at home or at the masjid? Do you need a separate civil ceremony? Who will you invite? Where will you hold the Walima? All this, and more, needs careful consideration. Keep in mind best wedding is regarded as the one with the minimum expenses. Lets see the fundamentals.
The nikah is a simple ceremony in which a man and woman declare their oral commitment to each other as husband and wife. And Allah is our best witness. However any trust worthy practicing Muslim can conduct the nikah ceremony, as Islam does not advocate priesthood. The contract is written and signed by the bride and the groom and their two respective witnesses. The marriage contract documents are recorded with the masjid and registered with local government, thus fulfilling the civil obligations of the marriage.
Without this, the marriage would not be recognised under the law of the country you reside and the legal rights of the spouse, such as inheritance, couples and later their children rights would not be valid.
You will note that it is not essential to have the couple present in the same room during Nikah, just so long as the Wali and the Witnesses are there and have witnessed everything and the bride has given her consent and permission. She may remain silent.Both the groom and the bride are to consent to the marriage of their own free wills.
A formal, binding contract — verbal or on paper  — is considered integral to a religiously valid Islamic marriage, and outlines the rights and responsibilities of the groom and bride. Divorce in Islam can take a variety of forms, some executed by a husband personally and some executed by a religious court on behalf of a plaintiff wife who is successful in her legal divorce petition for valid cause. In Islamic law, marriage — or more specifically, the marriage contract — is called nikahan Arabic word whose original literal meaning was "sexual intercourse", but which already in the Quran is used exclusively to refer to the contract of marriage.
In Arabia before the advent of Islam in the 7th century CEa variety of different marriage practices existed. The most common and recognized types of marriage at this time consisted of: marriage by agreement, marriage by capture, marriage by mahr, marriage by inheritance and "Mot'a" or temporary marriage. The Sasanian society followed Zoroastrianism, which viewed women to be possessions in marriage, although consent was required in both marriage and divorce.
According to Islamic sources, most women in pre-7th century Arabia had little control over their marriages.
Arabic Word Nikah and its Meaning
They were rarely bound by contract for marriage or custody of children and their consent was rarely sought. Women were seldom allowed to divorce their husbands and their view was not regarded for either a marriage or divorce. They were given the power to negotiate the terms of their marriage contract, and could even initiate divorce.
Muhammad had reformed the laws and procedures of the common marriage practices that existed during his prophethood. The rules of "marriage by agreement marriage through consent " was reformed and a strict set of rules and regulations were put in place. The practices of "marriage by inheritance" was forbidden. Several chapters and verses from the Quran were revealed which banned such practices. Under the Arabian Jahiliyyah law, Islamic sources allege that no limitations were set on men's rights to marry or to obtain a divorce.
The essential elements of the marriage contract were now an offer by the man, an acceptance by the woman, and the performance of such conditions as the payment of dowry. The woman's consent, given either actively or by silence, was required. Furthermore, the offer and acceptance had to be made in the presence of at least two witnesses.
If they do that, then forsake them in their beds and hit them, but without causing injury or leaving a mark. If they obey you, then do not seek means of annoyance against them. You have rights over your women and your women have rights over you. Your rights over your women are that they are not to allow anyone whom you dislike to tread on your bedding furniturenor allow anyone whom you dislike to enter your houses.
And their right over you are that you should treat them kindly with regard to their clothing and food. The wali of the bride is normally a male relative of the bride, preferably her father.
The wali can only be a free Muslimunless the bride is of the Christian or Jewish faith; in such cases the bride should be given away by someone from her religious background.
In traditional Islam, the literal definition of "wali", which means "custodian" or "protector", is used. In this context, it is meant that the silence of the bride is considered consent. In most schools of Islamic lawonly the father or the paternal grandfather of the bride can be wali mujbir. If the conditions are met and a mahr and contract are agreed upon, an Islamic marriage ceremony, or wedding, can take place.
The marital contract is also often signed by the bride. The consent of the bride is mandatory. It is not required, though customary, that the person marrying the couple should be religiously well-founded in knowledge. The bridegroom can deliver the sermon himself in the presence of representatives of both sides if he is religiously educated, as the story goes about Imam Muhammad bin Ali around AD.
It is typically followed by a celebratory reception in line with the couple's or local customs, which could either last a couple of hours or precede the wedding and conclude several days after the ceremony.
The Quran asserts that marriage is a legitimate way to satisfy one's sexual desire. Marriage is highly valued and regarded as being half of one's faith, according to a saying of Muhammad. Whether marriage is obligatory or merely allowed has been explored by several scholars, and agreed that "If a person has the means to marry and has no fear of mistreating his wife or of committing the unlawful if he does marry, then marriage in his case is mustahabb preferred.
According to Islam, both men and women have rights over each other when they enter into a marriage contract,  with the husband serving as protector and supporter of the family most of the time, from his means.
Several commentators have stated that the superiority of a husband over his wife is relative, and the obedience of the wife is also restrictive.